Sustainable Value Creation
William Blair Global Leaders Fund
Andy Flynn, Ken McAtamney
Author: Ticker Magazine
Last Update: Aug 10, 10:58 AM EDT
|While many portfolio managers look for high-quality companies, definitions can significantly vary. For Andrew Flynn and Kenneth McAtamney, who are at the helm of the William Blair Global Leaders Fund, high quality means companies driven by strong and sustainable value creation. With a global mandate and a long-term view, the fund looks for companies with clear leadership, internally driven growth, and a sustained competitive advantage.
“It is not difficult to find a lot of great companies out there, but investing in them at a reasonable level of valuation is crucial. The main question is if the operating momentum is stabilizing or improving and what’s a reasonable multiple to pay for that.”
Q: What core beliefs guide your investment philosophy?
William Blair’s global team has been around for a long time; we are beginning our third decade. We have evolved and expanded in this period, but we have remained true to our investment philosophy, which is anchored in quality growth companies.
The prime tenet of our philosophy is the belief that strong corporate performance drives exceptional returns. Across the global team, we aim to identify companies that have sustained a meaningful competitive advantage. We track that advantage in a number of ways, but we focus on companies that demonstrate clear leadership in their business or on companies that grow internally, not through acquisitions. Overall, we look for companies that generate strong and sustained investment returns.
In terms of quality, we used to be more focused on defensive growth, or on default risk and balance sheet quality. Over the last decade, however, our focus migrated toward sustainable value creation. The concept is to track and measure the amount of and the consistency in generating cash flow return on invested capital, as well as the companies’ ability to successfully redeploy that cash to the opportunity set.
For us, high quality doesn’t mean just companies with low default risk, but means companies that are driven by strong and sustainable value creation. The sustainable value creation is the anchor of our investment philosophy across all the strategies that we manage at William Blair.
Q: What is the importance of price within your strategy?
Valuation is a critical and integral element of our strategy. It is always a balancing act between the quality of the company and its current operating momentum. Of course, companies with strong operating momentum trade at a premium, so we spend a lot of time identifying the opportunity over not just the near term, but also the next three to five years.
We track valuations carefully and have many tools for that purpose. We also evaluate companies based on historical data and, more importantly, relative to the market, the industry, the sector, and even the region.
We are a fundamental shop, driven by our seven different global portfolio managers, and we travel the world to identify great companies. However, we also use systematic, quantitative tools, which guide us with third-party, impersonal, and unemotional information. We’ve crafted a variety of different systematic models. In the quality model, we moved from pure defensive growth stocks, where we look at earnings quality and balance sheet strength, toward sustainable value creation.
Another important model is our valuation model. It is not difficult to find a lot of great companies out there, but investing in them at a reasonable level of valuation is crucial. The main question is if the operating momentum is stabilizing or improving and what’s a reasonable multiple to pay for that.
We have developed and continue to develop tools to identify how extended the valuation might be and what level of risk we should take. When valuation has moved beyond the reasonable balance, we reduce our exposure to a name.
Q: What is your definition of “global” and “leaders”?
By “global” we mean our opportunity set. Our mandate is to find the companies that we believe have the highest probability of generating superior and sustainable long-term corporate performance and investment returns, regardless of where they are domiciled. We are unconstrained from a regional standpoint. Our mandate includes the United States, the developed international markets, the emerging markets, and, technically, the frontier markets as well.
Our current weight in the emerging markets is about 8% to 10% of the portfolio. It has ranged from mid single digits up to 25% of the portfolio, depending on the opportunities. Right now we have zero exposure to the frontier markets; over time we may have owned one or two companies opportunistically. We’ve always found quality growth companies around the globe; we have a lot of experience investing internationally and we want that to be reflected in a global portfolio.
Being a global fund doesn’t imply that all of our companies have global businesses. Some of them are indeed global brand names with global end-markets, global supply chains, and global competitors. On the other hand, many of our companies are regional or niche oriented in terms of their geographic exposure, but they have the leadership characteristics that we seek.
By “leaders” we mean the companies with the greatest probability of sustainable superior long-term corporate performance. Most of the strategies at William Blair are focused on quality growth equities. Our portfolios are focused on the top 20% of that quality growth universe. We believe that these companies have the attributes, embedded within their corporate culture, that provide a sustainable competitive advantage. So there is a higher degree of confidence in the future return profile and the growth rate of the company.
These are companies that may actually be early in their corporate lifecycle. They may be smaller-cap companies, but they must have a business model that we believe is superior and sustainable. We explicitly target different parts of the corporate lifecycle, because that approach introduces the leadership characteristics in a diverse array of companies. We can find these leadership attributes everywhere in the world, in every industry, and at every stage of the corporate lifecycle. Our job is to make a selection and build a portfolio that reflects the diversity of that opportunity set.
Q: Would you describe your investment process?
The first element is to downsize the universe from more than 10,000 to about 3,000 companies, starting with the top half in every industry in terms of quality and growth. At each level of our process, there is a good combination of objective, quantitatively defined discipline and highly fundamental, subjective experience and conviction-based approach.
We find the sector expertise, rather than regional expertise, to be more important in the evaluation of a global opportunity set, so we divide our analysts into sectors. Within the sectors, we divide the responsibilities of investment coverage into large, mid-, and small cap to make sure that we focus on all the levels of market capitalization and corporate lifecycle. We empower the analysts to look for the best risk/reward trade-offs between long-term corporate performance and valuation.
That’s how we get a smaller universe to implement in the portfolio of leaders. We take the top 20% of our coverage list, assess their leadership qualities, and look for the most timely investments, trying to have a broad and rich reflection in our portfolios.
Regarding individual stock decisions, Andy and I, together with the analyst sector team, evaluate every new potential idea relative to the competitive opportunity set within each sector. We frequently meet with not just the analyst, who presents the potential idea for this portfolio, but also the entire sector team. In that way we get the highest-conviction ideas of our analysts, thoroughly vetted versus their peer set within our own coverage list. Those dialogues tend to be very engaged and spirited. At the end, we believe that we have a fully and globally vetted idea, which has the confidence and support of the entire sector team.
Within the consumer segment, for example, we believe that health and beauty is a highly attractive high-growth area, which has proved more resilient to e-commerce disruption. The opportunity set is really broad as some of the world’s leading cosmetic companies are in Korea, while Chinese consumers now represent the biggest and fastest-growing cosmetics end-market.
So we look at cosmetics companies in Korea, Japan, and Europe, and we evaluate the same opportunity in the United States with large cosmetic retailers or manufacturers. There is a global opportunity set of eight or nine interesting, high-growth, high-return companies around this theme. We believe that the best way to exploit the theme is to have coordinated global sector coverage and a portfolio that reflects the best ideas.
Q: What are the key drivers of your research process?